The theme was “French Gothic stained glass.”
The object of our study – the stained glass Windows of French Gothic cathedrals.
The subject is technological and artistic peculiarities of creating stained glass during the Middle ages
The ultimate goal of this work is to determine the characteristics and the evolution of French stained glass from the beginnings to the late Gothic.
To achieve it, we must solve the following tasks:
– to analyze the technological features of manufacture of stained glass.
– to identify the main artistic techniques of French stained glass art on the example of the most famous monuments
– to trace the evolution of stained glass in medieval France
The structure of the work corresponds to the task and consists of three chapters. In the first Chapter – “the Role of stained glass in the Gothic concept Continue reading
Occam’s razor in action
To my utter surprise, it turned out that the rumors about the dungeon (or rather most of them) has arisen not on an empty place. Although the information in them is often distorted beyond recognition – they’re based on real facts.
By a happy coincidence, we can even specify the exact date of the beginning of the study “underground” theme of Mariupol. It happened September 1, 1928, when the employee of Museum of local lore Peter Mitrofanovich of Pinevich were called to the corner of Karl Marx and a Small Garden. Working, cleared a ditch for a water pipe, found some mysterious underground passage. Inspecting and questioning the local old people the situation is not clarified. I note that Pinevich was not able to deal with this underground structure. Concluding his report he makes the assumption that the course could be dug by the Cossacks or the Turks .
Described by Pinevich the course really stands out among other well-known dungeons in the city. We will consider in the third part of this article.
Of particular surge of interest in Mariupol dungeons observed in recent years. Recent publications the most informative article should be called N. Skrypnyk “Catacombs near Mariupol. Do they exist?” The author has led quite a lot of evidence about the tunnels. Taken together, these facts convince us of the reality of the existence of such phenomenon. Continue reading
The most ugly building in the world
Various global editions are the ratings of architectural structures.
So, daily British newspaper the daily Telegraph . founded in 1855, was an interesting ranking of the most ugly buildings in the world . we offer to meet.
The Torre Velasca, Milan
The prototype of this structure, built in 1950-ies, were the towers of medieval fortresses located on the territory of modern Lombardy. On the first floor of a 100-meter building houses offices and shops, the upper volume of the apartment:
Tower “Orbit”, London
Tower “Orbit” in height, 120 meters from the Olympic village, which has become a symbol of London just like the Eiffel tower in Paris. To serve the facility would “stand” for the observation deck. Before this “plates” visitors will be able to access either by lift or a spiral staircase:
The Verizon building, new York
A 32-storey administrative building of “Verizon building” on pearl street, or Pearl street — one of the oldest streets of Lower Manhattan in new York. Owned by the largest U.S. and worldwide an American telecommunications company. Built in 1975:
The office of the construction company Aldar, Abu Dhabi
The headquarters company for the construction of real estate Aldar in Abu Dhabi. The world’s first circular skyscraper, which opened in 2010:
Building a basket (The Basket Building), Ohio, USA
One of the most Continue reading
I’m always impressed by the huge pomp of Gothic cathedrals, temples and churches; all these sharp items, bending, steeples give the building something of the mystic and slowest. Even before you get inside the Church, near the entrance time to feel its greatness and pressure on his person. And organ music paired with a well-equipped acoustics, just hypnotize a person and made to feel his insignificance before the Almighty!
For some wonders need to go thousands of miles away, others are at our feet. but we do not notice them! Now, I represent to your attention the most beautiful buildings in Gothic and neo-Gothic style on the territory of Ukraine. You do realize that prior to the Gothic of Germany and the Czech Republic them away, but to see and admire.
1. The Church of St. Stanislaus (Chortkiv)
Address: St. Shevchenko, 2
First beauty, of course, the Church. Stanislav, that’s why he was in the top 15 of the architectural masterpieces of Ukraine. Dominican Church – it is a bright representative of the Gothic revival style, built in the early XX century, was once part of the defense complex of the city. In our category it is, of course, “the King of Gothic of Ukraine”.
2. The Church Of St. Olga Continue reading
Tower of Hercules: the oldest lighthouse in the world (Spain)
World’s oldest lighthouse, built in the days of Ancient Rome, stands on a small Peninsula in the vicinity of the Spanish town of La Coruna. This structure is also known as the Tower of Hercules, and is the world’s only Roman lighthouse that is open until now. The height of the tower is 57 meters, and its silhouette, towering over the Atlantic waters has long been a symbol of the city.
The walls of the tower with the track from the outside of the spiral track
Lighthouse in Spain is valued as a historic monument of national importance, and in 2009 it even included in the list of UNESCO world heritage sites. Besides the towers, the facility also comprises a sculpture Park, an ancient Roman structure near the lighthouse, numerous rock carvings and a Muslim cemetery.
Rocky shores “edge of the earth”, as once called the Peninsula, were very dangerous for navigators, therefore, approximately in the late First or early SECOND century the Romans built a tower, designed to simplify the difficult route for ships passing. Construction was led by Continue reading