Barcelona Cathedral is one of the most beautiful and traditional buildings of Barcelona, designed in the Gothic style with elements of Catalan culture. The Cathedral in Barcelona is hiding in the back streets of the Gothic quarter. appears to the eyes of the viewer by the unexpected power of his medieval temperament, but it boasts a very elegant and delicate details of its architecture. The magnificent Gothic “rosette” above the main entrance, the slender columns and soaring spires-turret. Will amaze you and the interior of the Barcelona Cathedral is a sculpture of Christ that decorated, according to legend, the nose of a galley of the Catalan fleet, 13 white geese, glorifying the Holy Eulalia, huge body, and if you climb the dome of the Cathedral, Barcelona will open you an entirely different perspective. Barcelona Cathedral is the main temple of this city, and Sagrada Familia. mistaken for such, actually was covered in only a few years ago.
Cathedral in Barcelona, the chief patron Saint Eulalia believes that at the age of thirteen suffered painful death at the hands of the Gentiles. In the Church in the crypt of Saint Eulalia are kept sarcophagus with the remains, resting on an openwork column, made of polished alabaster, her side resting Ramon Berenguer I the Old and his wife Almodis so honored that laid the Cathedral on the ruins of the Moors the Church. the Other sanctuary of the Cathedral of Barcelona — the image of Christ, transferred to the Cathedral from the ship Juan of Austria, according to the legend, a figure helped during the famous battle of Lepanto. The interior of the Cathedral in Barcelona immediately attractive 25 beautiful chapels and the beautiful altar of the XIV century, and many stained-glass Windows, through which the temple is illuminated by bright light. To get to the inner yard of the Cathedral of Barcelona from multiple outputs, which will be discussed below. Next to the patio you can see the old chapel of St. Lucia, built on 30 years earlier than the Cathedral of Barcelona.
It is known that already in the IV century on the site of today’s Barcelona Cathedral stood the Church which was important for a Roman colony. After two years, the power has risen so much that it became the Cathedral, and later the home of the Church of the Cathedral city of 559 400 years Later the Cathedral in Barcelona was completely destroyed by the Moors, from former greatness does not remain also a trace, it seemed, time and history have erased the Church from the face of the earth. But the Catalan count Ramon Berenguer I built a little later thousand years the Cathedral in the Romanesque style, but it was not as majestic and meaningful. King James II of Aragon inspired architects to create a Grand building that exists today on Avinguda de La Catedral in the heart of the Gothic quarter.
Construction began in the thirteenth century, lasted for 150 years, was completed in the second half of the fifteenth century. The Cathedral was built by all the canons of the Catalan Gothic. Despite the grandeur of the ideas, the appearance of the Cathedral has not satisfied everyone, it was rebuilt several times, was supplemented, especially, criticism is the main facade of the Cathedral in Barcelona. The Central spire of the Cathedral was built only in 1913, Inside the Cathedral is fully consistent with the medieval canons of rigor, grandeur and simplicity. The huge stained glass Windows made in the XV century they are well illuminated by three naves, made in the Catalan style. Barcelona Cathedral amazes its visitors throughout the inspection landmarks: the chapel and beautiful cloister, the many details of interior decoration — do not forget to allocate for all this enough time, not in a hurry to plunge into a world of elegant Gothic, created by human hands. Near the main entrance is the Chapel of the Baptistery with its marble baptismal font, made in the 15th century.
13 white geese in the Cathedral of Barcelona
On the opposite side is the Chapel of St. Oliguria with wrought iron bars, made around the early fifteenth century, above the altar the Bishop Oliguria is a wooden Crucifix of the XVI century chapel of the Major (Main chapel) of the Cathedral is a little further. The chapel, located along the rim of the gallery hold the altars, considered a work of art, Gothic and Baroque style. One of the most majestic images is in the Capella del Patrocini, belongs to the masterpiece of the hand of the master of Martorell Bernat — the altarpiece the “Transfiguration”. To the left of the transept you can get on Carrer dels Comes through the Porta de Sant IU, the most ancient part of the Cathedral, in which Romanesque features. In the fifth chapel is the tomb of Raymond de Penyafort, a member of the Dominican order and one of the most revered saints of Barcelona.
Under the Main altar is the entrance to the chapel, where the remains of St. Eulalia. Here you can see the image of the Coronation of Saint Eulalia, which was created by German painter Muller.In the centre of the main nave is a Renaissance fencing large Choir. In the fourteenth century, the main Bishop of Barcelona embodied idea and after him there remained a coat of arms (three stairs), the name of this Bishop Ramon de Escales. Inside the Choir are two rows of colorful chairs with luxury headboards, decorated with small spires. The back wall is made of white marble, decorated with bas-reliefs depicting the suffering of St. Eulalia, works were in the fifteenth century, during the cult of this Saint. In 1519, on the occasion of the knights of the backrest was decorated with gilded coats of arms of the knights of the Golden Fleece. Episcopal chair and chair — work Sa-Anglada, and their crowning pinnacles — the work of the German masters Lochner (completed in the end of XV century). To the right of the Major Chapel is the Treasury of the Cathedral in Barcelona. In the collection of the Barcelona Cathedral holds works of art that deserves the attention of visitors, especially to consider the reliquary of the XV century, decorated with the order chain of the Golden Fleece, gilded seat of the Aragonese king and the ark of the gifts of gold and silver, there are several paintings of the XV century, including “Grieving mother” Bartolomeo Bermejo.
The entrance of the courtyard, called the cloister is to the right of the main entrance of the Cathedral, accessed from the Port de Sant Sever from the Chapel of Santa Lucia. In addition, in an oasis of peace and quiet, you can sneak through the Port de Santa Eulalia and through the Port de La Pietat. On the patio among palm trees and Magnolia trees hiding the source of St. George, the patron Saint of Catalonia. Near the source there is a beautiful pond, and it perfectly complements the interior courtyard of the Cathedral of Barcelona. This is probably one of the most beautiful not only among the cloisters of the Barcelona Cathedral, but among all such. Decorated patio is not only trees and plants, but also for the ancient chapels of religious congregations, separated from the gallery of simple wrought iron railings with floral motifs. It is considered the oldest wing, adjacent to the Cathedral, some attribute it to the fourteenth century. The excellent building of the Cathedral of Barcelona is doubtless one of the most beautiful Gothic quarter, but also the entire city.