Gothic Belarus

Gothic Belarus

Youth Association “Hystorika” organized sightseeing trip “Gothic churches in Belarus”, in which I had the opportunity to participate.

Departure from Minsk was appointed on July 2, at 7:45 am. The bus was comfortable enough, the driver is very friendly, and the guide Alex Frolov – anatolev. The morning sun was shining, heralding a good day. However, with the weather we were not lucky, in the afternoon started raining, which has become a serious hindrance, if not for viewing the historical beauty of the region, at least for their photos gravirovani.

The route ran mostly along the Western part of Belarus, on the territory of Brest and Grodno regions. For visits were scheduled Iskold, Synkovichi, Zelva, Gniezno, Mstsibava, Siloviki, the parish and the Stomach.

Iskold

The Church of the Holy Trinity, was founded in 1472 M. Nemirovich and is one of the oldest temples of Belarus. In the second half of the XVI century the Church was passed to the Calvinists, after 1641 it was again returned to the Catholics. In 1863 the Church was transferred to the Orthodox, then returned to the Catholics. In the 1970s the Church managed to defend from the threat of demolition and reconstruct.

The building has the appearance of a rectangle and ends with a five-wall apse. The walls are made of brick, the lower part ornamented with reticulate walls of dark brick. The front and the sides of the temple strengthened by massive buttresses. Narrow Windows resembling loopholes done only on the South side.

The interior of the temple, 4 massive pillars, divided into 3 naves, covered with typical for the Gothic cross vaults. Till our time the temple came with minimal changes. In the nineteenth century brick walls were plastered and whitewashed. This appearance it retains to this day.

The Synkovichi

The fortress Church of St. Michael was built of brick in the late XV – early XVI centuries, a Possible founder of the Church was made by Prince Constantine of Ostrog, but the exact data on the time of the creation of the temple we are lacking.

The building has the shape of a rectangular three-apse temple Gothic type. However, unlike similar churches, it has a smaller length walls, allowing you to compare its proportions with the cross-shaped churches of the Byzantine type.

The most prominent feature is the four corner towers on the Western side of round, faceted on the East. Towers give the Church the appearance of a small castle. This similarity is enhanced by a closed military gallery with machicolations in the upper zone of the walls.

The main decoration of the facade of the temple are arched niches and originally plastered. This trait is undoubtedly similar to the design of the towers of the Mir castle. The temple is crowned by a high gable roof.

The interior of the temple is divided by 6 faceted pillars into three naves of equal width and covered by cross vaults.

In 1881 the Church building was added to the nave, a dome above the Central part. Later here was built a bunk quadrangular bell tower. In 1926 the Church was transferred to the Uniates, and after the war was abandoned. Since 1988 here

again functioning Orthodox parish, is the restoration of the building.

When we visited the temple of the side walls were covered with forests. Restorers from Vilnius restored the roof of wooden shingles.

Zelva

Here we first visited the Orthodox Church of St. Trinity, built in 1815, on the site previously, here stood a wooden Church of the XV century by Itself, the Church is insignificant, but the local parish priest has made me the most enjoyable

the impression of an indifferent person.

On the temple grounds is also a monument to the Belarusian poet Larissa Geniush. Showed us her house, which is located here, and a bit down the street. She lived there after his return from links until his death in 1983 G.

Another monument, its grandeur contrasted sharply with the squalor of the local landscape, was a magnificent Gothic Church of St. Trinity, built just before world war I in 1910 – 1913

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