Gothic cathedrals of France
Gothic cathedrals of France
B) the Cathedral in Angers.
C) Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.
G) Cathedral in Amanjena.
D) the Cathedral at Reims.
E) Cathedral in Laon.
The list of references.
The name “Gothic art” (from Italian. gotico — “Gothic”, the name of a Germanic tribe is ready) emerged in the Renaissance. “Gothic” in those days meant “barbarian” in contrast to “Roman”: the Gothic was called art that did not follow the ancient traditions, and therefore, had no interest for his contemporaries. This view had changed only in the XIX century when the middle Ages was no longer considered the “dark ages” in the history of mankind. However, the name “Gothic” was preserved for the European art of the late middle Ages. In various European countries, the Gothic style had its own characteristics and time frame, but it flourished in the XIII—XIV centuries In the history of art, it is customary to distinguish early, Mature (high) and late (“flamboyant”) Gothic
Gothic developed in countries dominated by the Catholic Church, and under the auspices of its feudal-ecclesiastical foundations remained in the ideology and culture of the Gothic era. Gothic art remained primarily a cult for the intended purpose and religious topics: it was correlated with eternity, with “higher” irrational forces.
Gothic rose gradually from the Romanesque style rendering it almost invisible innovations. She was born in Northern France (Ile-de-France) in the mid-12th century and flourished in the first half of the 13th century
In Gothic France organically intertwined lyricism and tragic affects, sublime spirituality and social satire. Turn to the Gothic style began with architecture, and only then began to spread to sculpture and painting..
Thirty years of the XII century were a time of rapid growth of French culture. The face of France changed greatly. Many churches burned down, but in their place new ones are being built.
It was during this era when confronted different views could arise in Gothic art with the richness of his images, constrained by the single dogma of the Catholic Church. During this time did not stop communication with Byzantium. It is XIII century, preserved the most perfect monuments of Gothic architecture, gradually reborn fueled by new aesthetic ideals of the Gothic forms continue to live up to the beginning of the XIV century.
The pursuit of beauty indicating the freshness of the senses and intelligence is always a characteristic of the era of the rise of high culture, it is inherent in Gothic art up to the end of the XIII century. its Highest expression was the Gothic Church, with its unity of architectural images which included both plastic and pictorial decoration.
Unlike the Romanesque period centers of European religious, cultural, political and economic life by the end of XII century were not monasteries, and the city’s Main public building of the medieval city, its Cathedral, designed not only for worship but also for meetings of the local community. Cathedrals were supposed to hold all of the numerous urban population. Before the cathedrals were the preachers, was carried out.