Latin Bible (1407, England)
Since the beginning of the printing appeared inlaid Gothic fonts — famous Gutenberg Bible was typed variant textures. In Italy, the first printed book with Gothic letters appeared in 1473. (these were the works of H. de Torquemada and R. Caraccioli ) .
The name (from the “barbarian” people ready. in fact had nothing to do with this font) was proposed in the XV century figures of the Italian Renaissance. these fonts are considered “barbaric” and their protivopostavlyalsya Roman literature that was the impetus for the development of new fonts, reminiscent of a Roman typeface. So a serif font. in the Western Christian Romanesque and Eastern European countries on the replacement of the Gothic letter was accepted immediately, however, the German peoples (and peoples under the cultural domination of the latter — the Finns. the Estonians. Latvians, etc.) for the same reason has been used fractures. representing a further development of Gothic letters, the Fraktur was clearly opposed to the serif font as a different system of writing and has never been used for writing in languages where the Gothic letter was not accepted (for example, German-Latin, German-French or German-Czech texts (dictionaries, bilingual or Glossa ) written in Fraktur for the German and a serif font for Latin, French or Czech) [ citation 548 days ]. In further rejection of the fracture was associated partly with the bourgeois revolutions — the Dutch refused to fracture during the Dutch revolution. the English and the Scots during the English revolution. the Swedes during the “era of freedom” in the middle of the XVIII century. in Norway and Denmark fractures until the late nineteenth century. in Germany until the mid XX century. although antique has been actively used since the late nineteenth century .
From the sixteenth century Gothic letter were gradually replaced by fonts on the basis of Antiqua. close to the present ones; for the longest time (until 1918 and partly to 1945 ) Gothic continued in Germany and in Latvia (the Latvian language officially was translated from blackletter to Antiqua in 1926, and German editions in Latvia and Estonia continued to be printed in Gothic letters and then). Gothic fonts were widely used in Germany until the beginning of XX century. but were banned during the Third Reich in 1941. Now the fonts based on the Gothic font used for decorative purposes, and also for some mathematical symbols.