The theme was “French Gothic stained glass.”
The object of our study – the stained glass Windows of French Gothic cathedrals.
The subject is technological and artistic peculiarities of creating stained glass during the Middle ages
The ultimate goal of this work is to determine the characteristics and the evolution of French stained glass from the beginnings to the late Gothic.
To achieve it, we must solve the following tasks:
– to analyze the technological features of manufacture of stained glass.
– to identify the main artistic techniques of French stained glass art on the example of the most famous monuments
– to trace the evolution of stained glass in medieval France
The structure of the work corresponds to the task and consists of three chapters. In the first Chapter – “the Role of stained glass in the Gothic concept Continue reading
The Gothic Church
Gothic is a term relating to European culture 13-14 centuries, Although the chronological framework can be extended or narrowed depending on what country you are in. The word “Gothic” comes from the name of the tribe is ready. This time the headship of the Church in society, therefore culture is represented by temples and works of art chiefly on religious subjects. Eschatological mood (waiting for the second coming of Christ and judgment day) in this period is not so relevant, but still present. This was reflected in the scenes of judgment in the temple pediments. The leading role in this period belongs to the architecture.
Features of Gothic architecture . Three-dimensional structure of the churches in General remained the same as in the Roman age. These were buildings in the shape of a Latin cross, three or five, with a cross transept, close to the chancel. The chancel in the apse, covered with a conch. But there are also absolutely new design solutions related to changes in understanding of Church space. Gothic cathedrals have a much larger size in all parameters compared to the Romanesque. This was due to the growth of urban populations and the emergence of a number of cathedrals that store valuable relics on the paths of pilgrimage. Developed by Continue reading
The Royal portal of the Cathedral Shatskogo
The beginning of Gothic style in French art is considered the choir and the Western facade of the Church of the monastery of Saint-Denis, his rebuilt by Abbot Suger 1140-1144 in, In the choir of the Church of Saint-Denis was first consistently applied the Gothic structural system and because of it created a cohesive, full of light space.
Church facade of the Church with two towers, three portals and rose, responsive to the articulation of the building within into three naves, became the prototype of all the Gothic facades of the French cathedrals. The sculpture that adorned the portals of this facade, also contained innovations that later formed the basis of Gothic sculptural decoration. The most important of these was the emergence of unfamiliar Romanesque art, however, has become an integral and most important part of every Gothic portal on the slopes of the statues-columns. The innovation was developed in Saint-Denis iconographic program of the sculptural decoration, extensive and slender, covering all three of the portal, which perpetuates cycles of the sculpted tympanum, the lintel, the jambs and archivolt — the comparison of the old and New Testaments. Unfortunately, almost all of this sculpture were lost during the French revolution, and what little remained was destroyed or distorted by clumsy restoration in the late 30-ies of the XIX century are Preserved only drawings Continue reading