MEGALITHIC TRADITION IN THE URALS AND THE PROBLEM OF PYSHMINSKY DOLMENS
In recent years, historians of information was published about the Ural dolmens, located to the North of the city Pyshma, Sverdlovsk region. The initiator of these searches was AA Cheerful. Subsequently this work was expanded V. G. Nepomnyaschiy. They suggested that these are ancient monuments close to Caucasian and European constructions of this type.
Then, seven facilities were inspected by the archaeologists of Ekaterinburg, and three partially excavated. Excavations have revealed traces of fire before the stone structures and within and calcified bone. However, there were found fragments of Russian ceramics that have allowed us to refer to structures XVII – XIX centuries and assume that it was the furnace lumberjacks or storage products. Was not excluded and ritual (funeral) the assignment of data objects . Continue reading
Features of the Gothic style in architecture
The Romanesque architecture of feudalism was the development of the higher life demands of society. It is the awareness of Europeans of knightly virtues, and the need for more luxurious surroundings that has become the basis of the Gothic style in art, was finally adopted in the XIII century.
This mysterious and somewhat gloomy style was a logical conclusion to art of the middle ages, widely spread in Western Europe, and only partially referring to its Eastern outskirts. Temples and cathedrals were a major architectural embodiment of Gothic. These buildings belongs the Milan Cathedral, whose construction was started in 1386.
The unprecedented height of the Gothic churches was achieved using timber frame construction system. And extensive interiors were decorated with huge Windows, stunning multicolored skillfully made stained-glass Windows.
The main elements of Gothic architecture are:
arches – ribs;
the flying buttresses – open semi arch;
the pillars that serve as pillars for Lancet arches.
Other design features include the vertical projections of the buttresses, cross vaults, carved pediments – winery, pointed openwork towers – pinnacles, Lancet Windows and portals. The facades were decorated with complex Continue reading
Gothic cathedrals of France
B) the Cathedral in Angers.
C) Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.
G) Cathedral in Amanjena.
D) the Cathedral at Reims.
E) Cathedral in Laon.
The list of references.
The name “Gothic art” (from Italian. gotico — “Gothic”, the name of a Germanic tribe is ready) emerged in the Renaissance. “Gothic” in those days meant “barbarian” in contrast to “Roman”: the Gothic was called art that did not follow the ancient traditions, and therefore, had no interest for his contemporaries. This view had changed only in the XIX century when the middle Ages was no longer considered the “dark ages” in the history of mankind. However, the name “Gothic” was preserved for the European art of the late middle Ages. In various European countries, the Gothic style had its own characteristics and time frame, but it flourished in the XIII—XIV centuries In the history of art, it is customary to distinguish early, Mature (high) and late (“flamboyant”) Gothic
Gothic developed in countries dominated by the Catholic Church, and under the auspices of its feudal-ecclesiastical Continue reading