Gothic painting | XIII-XVe | Gothic Painting
Gothic painting: paintings, stained glass and book miniatures of the XIII-XV centuries
Gothic — a period in the development of medieval art, covering almost every field of materialistic culture on the territory of Western, Central and Eastern part of Europe from the XII to XV century. Gothic replaced the Romanesque style, gradually replacing it. Although the term “Gothic” is most often applied to architectural structures, the Gothic style also included sculpture, painting, book miniature, costume, ornament, etc.
The Gothic style originated in the mid-twelfth century in Northern France, in the XIII century it spread to the territory of modern Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Spain, England. In Italy, the Gothic has penetrated later, with great difficulty and powerful transformation, leading to the emergence of the “Italian Gothic”. At the end of the fourteenth century Europe was hit by the so-called international Gothic. In the countries of Eastern Europe Gothic entered later and stayed there a little longer — until the XVI century.
To buildings and works of art, which contains characteristic Gothic elements, but created in the period of eclecticism (mid XIX century) and later, uses the term “neo-Gothic”.
The origin Continue reading
Mystical story of the Cologne Cathedral
One of the greatest and most beautiful Christian churches is the Cologne Cathedral in Germany, oddly enough, closely associated with the name. The devil. The legends that surround this magnificent building for many hundreds of years, persistently attributed to the evil one. And the fact that the Cologne Cathedral was started almost 800 years ago, and it still is not completed, also confirms the rumor that the case is fishy.
“Yes the world will end with the last stone on the Cathedral”
The start was good, and absolutely in the spirit of the Gothic time. In 1248 the Archbishop of Cologne Konrad von Hochstaden laid the first Foundation stone of the Cologne Cathedral.
The inhabitants of Cologne, at that time considered one of the richest and most powerful German cities, dreamed of his own Cathedral, which has eclipsed other European churches with their beauty and size. But to assume then that the construction will last for hundreds of years, almost indefinitely.
Cologne Cathedral, as shown by the excavations, was built not on an empty place. In the 50 years B. C. here stood. Roman pagan temple, which then in IV century BC was replaced by the Episcopal Church. Enlarged it to the IX century, after three hundred years, the first stone has already formed the basis of a Gothic Cathedral on the French model. As this Continue reading
Under the Stonehenge was found a more ancient structures
Archaeologists have provided a detailed map of the earth’s surface under Stonehenge and the area around it, revealing previously unknown objects.
For mapping, the researchers used various tools, with which they managed to get an image of a three-meter thick layers of earth in high resolution.
According to the preliminary results, the well-known ancient monument was not the only one. Next was another 17 sites.
A detailed analysis of the data obtained in the near future will shed light on how varied the landscape of Stonehenge.
One of the main surprises for archaeologists was the discovery of traces of about 60 stones, or obelisks, which were “super henges” length of a mile. His footprints previously found in the neighbouring Durrington-uolls.
“The last four years we have been studying this amazing monument to see that he was surrounded by,” he said during a speech at the British science festival, head of project Vincent Gaffney of the University of Birmingham.
Most of the land around Stonehenge earlier in this way has not been investigated. Gaffney said that the key question was: “whether it Was a secluded place, where can come only to the select few?”.
The team is composed of a three-dimensional map covering 12 square kilometres, indicates, Continue reading