Gothic mysteries of Koenigsberg
The accident caused the Kaliningrad archaeologists to sensation. During the exploration of the ruins of the Royal castle, they discovered an underground tunnel, built in the early XIV century. Such a large-scale medieval buildings on the territory of Russia to discover yet succeeded. Where does the secret tunnel? And many mysteries of its Gothic arches?
Gothic medieval underground passage discovered in the heart of Kaliningrad. It came across archaeologists who studied ruins of ancient Royal castle. Scientists call the find unique. Such medieval buildings previously never been found in Russia.
Medieval underground passage leading to the river was Amazing and, according to archaeologists, goes deep into the earth. The way out is most likely in one of the halls of the Cathedral on Kant island. A secret tunnel, according to experts, was built in the early XIV century by order of the Prussian king.
“This could be the move that led from the Royal castle towards the Cathedral. He could have arranged for safe messages to the main temple to the ruling dynasty could move out of the castle,” suggests archaeologist Anatoly Valuev.
It is noticeable that at a later time, the tunnel has been repeatedly restored. It was equipped with fasteners for electrical wires and water pipe for pumping water. Probably strengthened it for a reason.
During the war the castle was kept Continue reading
Latin Bible (1407, England)
Since the beginning of the printing appeared inlaid Gothic fonts — famous Gutenberg Bible was typed variant textures. In Italy, the first printed book with Gothic letters appeared in 1473. (these were the works of H. de Torquemada and R. Caraccioli ) .
The name (from the “barbarian” people ready. in fact had nothing to do with this font) was proposed in the XV century figures of the Italian Renaissance. these fonts are considered “barbaric” and their protivopostavlyalsya Roman literature that was the impetus for the development of new fonts, reminiscent of a Roman typeface. So a serif font. in the Western Christian Romanesque and Eastern European countries on the replacement of the Gothic letter was accepted immediately, however, the German peoples (and peoples under the cultural domination of the latter — the Finns. the Estonians. Latvians, etc.) for the same reason has been used fractures. representing a further development of Gothic letters, the Fraktur was clearly opposed to the serif font as a different system of writing and has never been used for writing in languages where the Gothic letter was not accepted (for example, German-Latin, German-French or German-Czech texts (dictionaries, bilingual or Glossa ) written in Fraktur for the German Continue reading
MEGALITHIC TRADITION IN THE URALS AND THE PROBLEM OF PYSHMINSKY DOLMENS
In recent years, historians of information was published about the Ural dolmens, located to the North of the city Pyshma, Sverdlovsk region. The initiator of these searches was AA Cheerful. Subsequently this work was expanded V. G. Nepomnyaschiy. They suggested that these are ancient monuments close to Caucasian and European constructions of this type.
Then, seven facilities were inspected by the archaeologists of Ekaterinburg, and three partially excavated. Excavations have revealed traces of fire before the stone structures and within and calcified bone. However, there were found fragments of Russian ceramics that have allowed us to refer to structures XVII – XIX centuries and assume that it was the furnace lumberjacks or storage products. Was not excluded and ritual (funeral) the assignment of data objects . Continue reading