Latin Bible (1407, England)
Since the beginning of the printing appeared inlaid Gothic fonts — famous Gutenberg Bible was typed variant textures. In Italy, the first printed book with Gothic letters appeared in 1473. (these were the works of H. de Torquemada and R. Caraccioli ) .
The name (from the “barbarian” people ready. in fact had nothing to do with this font) was proposed in the XV century figures of the Italian Renaissance. these fonts are considered “barbaric” and their protivopostavlyalsya Roman literature that was the impetus for the development of new fonts, reminiscent of a Roman typeface. So a serif font. in the Western Christian Romanesque and Eastern European countries on the replacement of the Gothic letter was accepted immediately, however, the German peoples (and peoples under the cultural domination of the latter — the Finns. the Estonians. Latvians, etc.) for the same reason has been used fractures. representing a further development of Gothic letters, the Fraktur was clearly opposed to the serif font as a different system of writing and has never been used for writing in languages where the Gothic letter was not accepted (for example, German-Latin, German-French or German-Czech texts (dictionaries, bilingual or Glossa ) written in Fraktur for the German Continue reading
The Architecture Of Mexico
On the territory of the Mexican plateau (average altitude of 2300 m above sea level) on change each other come different cultures until it became the centre of the Aztec Kingdom . The ruins found in Mexico, represent for the most part remains or temples or fortifications. Their construction is massive, yet noble taste and bears the stamp of art that have already achieved well-known development.
The great temple of Mexico, stood in the middle of the city, was so great that, according to the testimony of Cortez, it was possible to put 500 horses. He represented the pyramid in five stories, 38 meters high, and had on the basis of 95 m and was decorated with two towers. Continue reading
The Gothic Church
Gothic is a term relating to European culture 13-14 centuries, Although the chronological framework can be extended or narrowed depending on what country you are in. The word “Gothic” comes from the name of the tribe is ready. This time the headship of the Church in society, therefore culture is represented by temples and works of art chiefly on religious subjects. Eschatological mood (waiting for the second coming of Christ and judgment day) in this period is not so relevant, but still present. This was reflected in the scenes of judgment in the temple pediments. The leading role in this period belongs to the architecture.
Features of Gothic architecture . Three-dimensional structure of the churches in General remained the same as in the Roman age. These were buildings in the shape of a Latin cross, three or five, with a cross transept, close to the chancel. The chancel in the apse, covered with a conch. But there are also absolutely new design solutions related to changes in understanding of Church space. Gothic cathedrals have a much larger size in all parameters compared to the Romanesque. This was due to the growth of urban populations and the emergence of a number of cathedrals that store valuable relics on the paths of pilgrimage. Developed by Continue reading