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Underground labyrinths of ancient Alexandria

Underground labyrinths of ancient Alexandria.

Rumors about the basements connected by tunnels under the hotel Bristol, the hotel Solomon, Treasury, and under Nicholas Church, which stood on the site of the 2nd school, came to us long ago.

For a long time we thought it was just a rumor. Moreover, to check them seemed impossible. After all, the hotel Bristol, pochivshaya as the 5th school, stood at the intersection of these hypothetical tunnels. And when it was demolished, the basements, which I remember very well, fell asleep. And, surely, after all the underground passages and tunnels were blocked.

So we thought until recently. While entering the former of Solomon. The spectacle is certainly depressing. To turn, the once luxurious building in the ruins, it should be able to! From the former luxury was only hints and traces. But it is enough to admire the artisans of the 19th century.

We climbed all the nooks and dead ends. It was clear that in some places the stonework is different from the original, but to break down these ancient walls, no one would have allowed it. In one place we have quietly tried to do it, it is very flimsy and we found walls. But the result did just a hole in a dull room, like a closet. Why laid the pass, we now hardly know. We were about to wrap up its search operation, but we helped the case. Not even that. Helped melt water. Our attention was drawn to Continue reading

Gothic architecture

The Gothic style mainly manifested in the architecture of temples, cathedrals, churches, monasteries. Developed on the basis of romance. more specifically Burgundian architecture. Unlike the Romanesque style with its round arches, massive walls and small Windows, typical of Gothic arches with a pointed top, a narrow and high towers and columns, the richly decorated facade with carved details (winery. the tympanums. the archivolt ), and multi-color stained glass Lancet Windows. All the style elements that emphasize the vertical.

In Gothic architecture distinguish 3 stages of development: early, Mature (high Gothic), and late.

The Church of the monastery of Saint-Denis, designed by Abbot Suger. considered the first Gothic architectural structure. In its construction were removed many pillars and interior walls, and the Church has become more graceful look compared to Romanesque “fortress of God”. As a sample, in most cases, took the chapel Send-Chapelle in Paris.

From Ile-de-France (France) Gothic architectural style spread in Western, Central and southern Europe to Germany. England, etc. In Italy he reigned long, and, as a “barbaric style” quickly gave way to the Renaissance ; and since he came here from Germany, it is still called “stile tedesco” — German style.

With the arrival in the early sixteenth century Renaissance North and West of the Continue reading

Under the Stonehenge was found a more ancient structures

Under the Stonehenge was found a more ancient structures

Archaeologists have provided a detailed map of the earth’s surface under Stonehenge and the area around it, revealing previously unknown objects.

For mapping, the researchers used various tools, with which they managed to get an image of a three-meter thick layers of earth in high resolution.

According to the preliminary results, the well-known ancient monument was not the only one. Next was another 17 sites.

A detailed analysis of the data obtained in the near future will shed light on how varied the landscape of Stonehenge.

One of the main surprises for archaeologists was the discovery of traces of about 60 stones, or obelisks, which were “super henges” length of a mile. His footprints previously found in the neighbouring Durrington-uolls.

“The last four years we have been studying this amazing monument to see that he was surrounded by,” he said during a speech at the British science festival, head of project Vincent Gaffney of the University of Birmingham.

“What landscape?”

Most of the land around Stonehenge earlier in this way has not been investigated. Gaffney said that the key question was: “whether it Was a secluded place, where can come only to the select few?”.

The team is composed of a three-dimensional map covering 12 square kilometres, indicates, Continue reading

GOTHIC ART
A new word in the art of the Western middle ages was spoken in France in the mid-twelfth century. Contemporaries called innovation "the French style", the descendants began to be…

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The Gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame in Lausanne
The Gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame in Lausanne The old city of Lausanne holds the churches and cathedrals built in the middle ages, such as the famous Notre Dame Cathedral.…

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Gothic painting
Gothic painting | XIII-XVe | Gothic Painting Gothic painting: paintings, stained glass and book miniatures of the XIII-XV centuries   Gothic — a period in the development of medieval art,…

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