The theme was “French Gothic stained glass.”
The object of our study – the stained glass Windows of French Gothic cathedrals.
The subject is technological and artistic peculiarities of creating stained glass during the Middle ages
The ultimate goal of this work is to determine the characteristics and the evolution of French stained glass from the beginnings to the late Gothic.
To achieve it, we must solve the following tasks:
– to analyze the technological features of manufacture of stained glass.
– to identify the main artistic techniques of French stained glass art on the example of the most famous monuments
– to trace the evolution of stained glass in medieval France
The structure of the work corresponds to the task and consists of three chapters. In the first Chapter – “the Role of stained glass in the Gothic concept Continue reading
Sometimes construction projects can be time-consuming to complete. Naturally, we are talking about a huge complex jobs that require a lot of skills invested assets. Run them sometimes delayed, just as the process of construction, which may take centuries. In this list is followed by ten world-famous structures, the construction of which was started a long time ago, but they still remain unfinished due to some reasons.
Atomic power plant marble hill
Most of the elements in this list, despite the fact that they are not completed, are still in use for different purposes. But some of them are nothing more than useless colossal failures. Marble hill falls into this latter category. This nuclear plant in Indiana was started in 1977, and for about 7 years had fully completed.
Then in 1984, after investing $2.5 billion it turned out that she only finished half. The company that started the project, realized that just can’t afford to continue to build on. They ended up being sold a piece of equipment to return a few million of lost expenditure. The plant is located in a semi-finished state since then, and the company, which owns Continue reading
Latin Bible (1407, England)
Since the beginning of the printing appeared inlaid Gothic fonts — famous Gutenberg Bible was typed variant textures. In Italy, the first printed book with Gothic letters appeared in 1473. (these were the works of H. de Torquemada and R. Caraccioli ) .
The name (from the “barbarian” people ready. in fact had nothing to do with this font) was proposed in the XV century figures of the Italian Renaissance. these fonts are considered “barbaric” and their protivopostavlyalsya Roman literature that was the impetus for the development of new fonts, reminiscent of a Roman typeface. So a serif font. in the Western Christian Romanesque and Eastern European countries on the replacement of the Gothic letter was accepted immediately, however, the German peoples (and peoples under the cultural domination of the latter — the Finns. the Estonians. Latvians, etc.) for the same reason has been used fractures. representing a further development of Gothic letters, the Fraktur was clearly opposed to the serif font as a different system of writing and has never been used for writing in languages where the Gothic letter was not accepted (for example, German-Latin, German-French or German-Czech texts (dictionaries, bilingual or Glossa ) written in Fraktur for the German Continue reading