The theme was “French Gothic stained glass.”
The object of our study – the stained glass Windows of French Gothic cathedrals.
The subject is technological and artistic peculiarities of creating stained glass during the Middle ages
The ultimate goal of this work is to determine the characteristics and the evolution of French stained glass from the beginnings to the late Gothic.
To achieve it, we must solve the following tasks:
– to analyze the technological features of manufacture of stained glass.
– to identify the main artistic techniques of French stained glass art on the example of the most famous monuments
– to trace the evolution of stained glass in medieval France
The structure of the work corresponds to the task and consists of three chapters. In the first Chapter – “the Role of stained glass in the Gothic concept Continue reading
Among other merits before history, the Maltese archipelago is world famous for the fact that the most ancient man-made structures on Earth are located here. This is the megalithic temples .
The person who first confronted with such prehistoric monuments, raises a number of questions: what is the churches, how many are they, where are they located, what purpose was built? Let’s start with the basics, what is the megalith at all? In fact, it is every religious building of the huge raw or semi-processed stone blocks, which include dolmens (funerary box, covered with a massive flat slab), and menhirs (single standing stones) and cromlechs (circular fence) . Maltese megaliths are dolmens . The most famous stone circles on the planet are Stonehenge (England) and Carnac (France, not to be confused with Egyptian temple complex), but the construction of the ancient Maltese, in addition, they are distinguished “accuracy” – more than twenty temple complexes located on the territory, comparable to a small European city.
What they have in common? – the material, design features (e.g., login form), in many cases, and similar architectural form, resembling the petals of a flower. Some temples are rather primitive, probably not all the details have survived, and others have specific Continue reading
Barcelona Cathedral is one of the most beautiful and traditional buildings of Barcelona, designed in the Gothic style with elements of Catalan culture. The Cathedral in Barcelona is hiding in the back streets of the Gothic quarter. appears to the eyes of the viewer by the unexpected power of his medieval temperament, but it boasts a very elegant and delicate details of its architecture. The magnificent Gothic “rosette” above the main entrance, the slender columns and soaring spires-turret. Will amaze you and the interior of the Barcelona Cathedral is a sculpture of Christ that decorated, according to legend, the nose of a galley of the Catalan fleet, 13 white geese, glorifying the Holy Eulalia, huge body, and if you climb the dome of the Cathedral, Barcelona will open you an entirely different perspective. Barcelona Cathedral is the main temple of this city, and Sagrada Familia. mistaken for such, actually was covered in only a few years ago.
Cathedral in Barcelona, the chief patron Saint Eulalia believes that at the age of thirteen suffered painful death at the hands of the Gentiles. In the Church in the crypt of Saint Eulalia are kept sarcophagus with the remains, resting on an openwork column, made of polished alabaster, her side resting Ramon Berenguer I the Old and his wife Almodis so honored that laid the Cathedral on the ruins of the Moors the Church. Continue reading