The theme was “French Gothic stained glass.”
The object of our study – the stained glass Windows of French Gothic cathedrals.
The subject is technological and artistic peculiarities of creating stained glass during the Middle ages
The ultimate goal of this work is to determine the characteristics and the evolution of French stained glass from the beginnings to the late Gothic.
To achieve it, we must solve the following tasks:
– to analyze the technological features of manufacture of stained glass.
– to identify the main artistic techniques of French stained glass art on the example of the most famous monuments
– to trace the evolution of stained glass in medieval France
The structure of the work corresponds to the task and consists of three chapters. In the first Chapter – “the Role of stained glass in the Gothic concept Continue reading
Grand megalithic structure at Stonehenge is extant from time immemorial the mysterious monument of the past religion and science.
Stonehenge: a cosmic temple.
Grand megalithic structure at Stonehenge is extant from time immemorial the mysterious monument of the past religion and science. For our contemporaries it is a puzzle, a miracle of architecture and the embodiment of creativity in a person. So what is it? A sacred burial ground or a prehistoric Observatory? To distinguish the original shape of Stonehenge possible today, although many stones there in its place.
Mystical aura. Stonehenge is one of the most visited archaeological sites Continue reading
The Gothic style mainly manifested in the architecture of temples, cathedrals, churches, monasteries. Developed on the basis of romance. more specifically Burgundian architecture. Unlike the Romanesque style with its round arches, massive walls and small Windows, typical of Gothic arches with a pointed top, a narrow and high towers and columns, the richly decorated facade with carved details (winery. the tympanums. the archivolt ), and multi-color stained glass Lancet Windows. All the style elements that emphasize the vertical.
In Gothic architecture distinguish 3 stages of development: early, Mature (high Gothic), and late.
The Church of the monastery of Saint-Denis, designed by Abbot Suger. considered the first Gothic architectural structure. In its construction were removed many pillars and interior walls, and the Church has become more graceful look compared to Romanesque “fortress of God”. As a sample, in most cases, took the chapel Send-Chapelle in Paris.
From Ile-de-France (France) Gothic architectural style spread in Western, Central and southern Europe to Germany. England, etc. In Italy he reigned long, and, as a “barbaric style” quickly gave way to the Renaissance ; and since he came here from Germany, it is still called “stile tedesco” — German style.
With the arrival in the early sixteenth century Renaissance North and West of the Continue reading