Youth Association “Hystorika” organized sightseeing trip “Gothic churches in Belarus”, in which I had the opportunity to participate.
Departure from Minsk was appointed on July 2, at 7:45 am. The bus was comfortable enough, the driver is very friendly, and the guide Alex Frolov – anatolev. The morning sun was shining, heralding a good day. However, with the weather we were not lucky, in the afternoon started raining, which has become a serious hindrance, if not for viewing the historical beauty of the region, at least for their photos gravirovani.
The route ran mostly along the Western part of Belarus, on the territory of Brest and Grodno regions. For visits were scheduled Iskold, Synkovichi, Zelva, Gniezno, Mstsibava, Siloviki, the parish and the Stomach.
The Church of the Holy Trinity, was founded in 1472 M. Nemirovich and is one of the oldest temples of Belarus. In the second half of the XVI century the Church was passed to the Calvinists, after 1641 it was again returned to the Catholics. In 1863 the Church was transferred to the Orthodox, then returned to the Catholics. In the 1970s the Church managed to defend from the threat of demolition and reconstruct.
The building has the appearance of a rectangle and ends with a five-wall apse. The walls are made of brick, the lower part ornamented with reticulate walls of dark brick. The front and the sides of the temple strengthened by massive buttresses. Narrow Windows resembling Continue reading
World history – the knights Templar and the Gothic…
Very nice post, revealing the story of a few Templars from a different perspective. About the real history of the Templars can be read here: the knights Templar destroyed Jewish on the island.
Some 80 cathedrals and 70 smaller churches appeared in Europe in the Gothic epoch. Given that each of them were built dozens of years, all of them were created at the same time, you find yourself wondering: who has developed a new architecture? Who raised so many masters? Who filled the Gothic temples of the most complicated symbols? Finally, whose money they were constructed, because not all cities have the means to even repair the walls? In medieval Europe there was only one organization capable of such, – the order of the Temple, the Templars…
It is considered that the order was founded in 1118 in the Holy Land in Jerusalem, where with a noble mission to protect the pilgrims arrived the first nine knights. In the history of the order, from the first days of its existence, more questions than answers, and it has always given rise to speculation and legends. The first nine years after gaining fame, honor, and respect in the Holy Land, the Templars took the order of a single new member, and their primary military duty was accompanied by a mysterious work they were in the cellars of the legendary Temple of Solomon, which gave the name to the order. The results of the search exceeded all expectations and allowed the formal establishment of the organization, economic, military, political Continue reading
In print and manuscript of this country Gothic style dominated until 1945. At the moment the Gothic letter is used widely as an ornamental (especially in signage and in the headlines).
Gothic italic, or kurrent (Kurrent) is an obsolete form of shorthand, which existed in Germany (other German-speaking countries have not been widely). Gothic italic was created based on late medieval cursive. In 1911 in German Sütterlinschrift was adopted, standardized by artist Ludwig Suetterlin (1865-1917). This font is taught in all German schools from 1935 to 1941. This font has been forbidden by decree of Martin Bormann, who erroneously believed that the recension created by Jews. However, Sütterlin was taught in some German schools until the 1970s
Chronologically, the fashion for the Gothic letter coincides with the Gothic era in architecture and art (the concept of “Gothic” is connected with the ethnonym of the Germanic tribe is ready). Prolonged use of Gothic letters, apparently, can be explained not only the aesthetic and technical qualities. In The North Of Europe Continue reading