The theme was “French Gothic stained glass.”
The object of our study – the stained glass Windows of French Gothic cathedrals.
The subject is technological and artistic peculiarities of creating stained glass during the Middle ages
The ultimate goal of this work is to determine the characteristics and the evolution of French stained glass from the beginnings to the late Gothic.
To achieve it, we must solve the following tasks:
– to analyze the technological features of manufacture of stained glass.
– to identify the main artistic techniques of French stained glass art on the example of the most famous monuments
– to trace the evolution of stained glass in medieval France
The structure of the work corresponds to the task and consists of three chapters. In the first Chapter – “the Role of stained glass in the Gothic concept Continue reading
Gothic style in architecture
Replaced the Romanesque style in Western Europe came the Gothic style in architecture and dominated in these areas from the 13th to the 15th century. The ancient Romans were called Goths, the barbarian tribes, which invaded the state from the North. In the end I got the derisive term “barbarian architecture” Gothic, though in fact Gothic as the architectural style is striking and admired the modern and discerning audience.
For a long time people called Gothic all the elements of the art of the middle ages. Only in the late fourteenth century it was fully recognized the original art style. Roman the period covering the early middle ages, gradually gave way to Gothic, combining gilding, bright color, shining stained-glass Windows, Symphony of light transfusion, and the expression of its characteristic spires on the tops of buildings.
The inspiration of the masters of the Gothic style in architecture were the Christian worldview, Roman architecture, traditions of ancient culture, portrait miniatures, writing Latin and Romano-Celtic art crafts. A positive impact on the rapid development of style has had a rapid increase of European trade and the increase in the number of cities.
The number of cities increased and their leaders Continue reading
A trip to the Dolmens arranged on a special bus, which departs from the territory of the sanatorium “South”. In the program travel trance meditation with special tambourine and ritual “Execution of desires”.
The dolmens. Along with the idols of Easter island and the pyramids of Egypt, they remain the most enigmatic mysteries of mankind.
What made the inhabitants of the coastal countries: the British Isles, the Far East, Thrace, Iberian Peninsula, North Africa and Palestine five thousand years ago, at the time, not saying a word start to build mysterious constructions, resembling huge beehives?
The dolmen (from Breton — stone table) consists of multi-ton stone slabs, which are so neatly fitted to each other, which sometimes makes it feel like a single monolith. on the front wall is a small round hole, which was closed with a heavy stone stopper. on the plate — rows of notches, resembling runes.
Here nature lives its special life, and every tree, lake, every mountain rivers, which merge in noisy waterfalls, has its own spirit, its own life, its own mystery.
Who could lift and lay so exactly three-ton slab, correct geometry, for which the dolmens were created is unknown. All found near the dolmens items: weapons, ritual figures — belong to a later Continue reading