The Royal portal of the Cathedral Shatskogo
The beginning of Gothic style in French art is considered the choir and the Western facade of the Church of the monastery of Saint-Denis, his rebuilt by Abbot Suger 1140-1144 in, In the choir of the Church of Saint-Denis was first consistently applied the Gothic structural system and because of it created a cohesive, full of light space.
Church facade of the Church with two towers, three portals and rose, responsive to the articulation of the building within into three naves, became the prototype of all the Gothic facades of the French cathedrals. The sculpture that adorned the portals of this facade, also contained innovations that later formed the basis of Gothic sculptural decoration. The most important of these was the emergence of unfamiliar Romanesque art, however, has become an integral and most important part of every Gothic portal on the slopes of the statues-columns. The innovation was developed in Saint-Denis iconographic program of the sculptural decoration, extensive and slender, covering all three of the portal, which perpetuates cycles of the sculpted tympanum, the lintel, the jambs and archivolt — the comparison of the old and New Testaments. Unfortunately, almost all of this sculpture were lost during the French revolution, and what little remained was destroyed or distorted by clumsy restoration in the late 30-ies of the XIX century are Preserved only drawings Continue reading
World history – the knights Templar and the Gothic…
Very nice post, revealing the story of a few Templars from a different perspective. About the real history of the Templars can be read here: the knights Templar destroyed Jewish on the island.
Some 80 cathedrals and 70 smaller churches appeared in Europe in the Gothic epoch. Given that each of them were built dozens of years, all of them were created at the same time, you find yourself wondering: who has developed a new architecture? Who raised so many masters? Who filled the Gothic temples of the most complicated symbols? Finally, whose money they were constructed, because not all cities have the means to even repair the walls? In medieval Europe there was only one organization capable of such, – the order of the Temple, the Templars…
It is considered that the order was founded in 1118 in the Holy Land in Jerusalem, where with a noble mission to protect the pilgrims arrived the first nine knights. In the history of the order, from the first days of its existence, more questions than answers, and it has always given rise to speculation and legends. The first nine years after gaining fame, honor, and respect in the Holy Land, the Templars took the order of a single new member, and their primary military duty was accompanied by a mysterious work they were in the cellars of the legendary Temple of Solomon, which gave the name to the order. The results of the search exceeded all expectations and allowed the formal establishment of the organization, economic, military, political Continue reading