Occam’s razor in action
To my utter surprise, it turned out that the rumors about the dungeon (or rather most of them) has arisen not on an empty place. Although the information in them is often distorted beyond recognition – they’re based on real facts.
By a happy coincidence, we can even specify the exact date of the beginning of the study “underground” theme of Mariupol. It happened September 1, 1928, when the employee of Museum of local lore Peter Mitrofanovich of Pinevich were called to the corner of Karl Marx and a Small Garden. Working, cleared a ditch for a water pipe, found some mysterious underground passage. Inspecting and questioning the local old people the situation is not clarified. I note that Pinevich was not able to deal with this underground structure. Concluding his report he makes the assumption that the course could be dug by the Cossacks or the Turks .
Described by Pinevich the course really stands out among other well-known dungeons in the city. We will consider in the third part of this article.
Of particular surge of interest in Mariupol dungeons observed in recent years. Recent publications the most informative article should be called N. Skrypnyk “Catacombs near Mariupol. Do they exist?” The author has led quite a lot of evidence about the tunnels. Taken together, these facts convince us of the reality of the existence of such phenomenon. Continue reading
Gothic painting | XIII-XVe | Gothic Painting
Gothic painting: paintings, stained glass and book miniatures of the XIII-XV centuries
Gothic — a period in the development of medieval art, covering almost every field of materialistic culture on the territory of Western, Central and Eastern part of Europe from the XII to XV century. Gothic replaced the Romanesque style, gradually replacing it. Although the term “Gothic” is most often applied to architectural structures, the Gothic style also included sculpture, painting, book miniature, costume, ornament, etc.
The Gothic style originated in the mid-twelfth century in Northern France, in the XIII century it spread to the territory of modern Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Spain, England. In Italy, the Gothic has penetrated later, with great difficulty and powerful transformation, leading to the emergence of the “Italian Gothic”. At the end of the fourteenth century Europe was hit by the so-called international Gothic. In the countries of Eastern Europe Gothic entered later and stayed there a little longer — until the XVI century.
To buildings and works of art, which contains characteristic Gothic elements, but created in the period of eclecticism (mid XIX century) and later, uses the term “neo-Gothic”.
The origin Continue reading
How to see the most mysterious ancient structures.
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“There are always things to … what did not dream our wise men!”. Do you agree that this phrase is relevant at all times? Despite the Hyper-speed, breakneck technical innovations, globalization, information flows are crazy, the world holds many mysteries, and scientists of today often can not afford to unravel the secrets of the past. What to speak about simple inhabitants? We have only admiration to primitivity but build a naive hypothesis.
For example, on how the pyramids were built, what purpose is pursued by the creators of Stonehenge (England), who actually portrayed the statues on Easter island? Hypermasculine monuments, mysteriously erected a wall or carved in a monolithic rock mystical signs excite the imagination. Digital report in such cases is just shocking. Imagine: the same known to most figures (though, without hands, without feet) on Easter island weigh on average 10-20 tons! And the biggest of them 100 tons, height more than 20 meters!
But this is the most popular historical “blocks-rubiki”, it is unclear how and by whom composed. To get the ancient energy and to feel the power of the ancestors, you can go in, say, Peru. Here in Cusco has preserved amazing fortress Saccoman (by guesswork, and even the temple Continue reading