Among other merits before history, the Maltese archipelago is world famous for the fact that the most ancient man-made structures on Earth are located here. This is the megalithic temples.
The person who first confronted with such prehistoric monuments, raises a number of questions: what is the churches, how many are they, where are they located, what purpose was built? Let’s start with the basics, what is the megalith at all? In fact, it is every religious building of the huge raw or semi-processed stone blocks, which include dolmens (funerary box, covered with a massive flat slab), and menhirs (single standing stones) and cromlechs (circular fence). Maltese megaliths are dolmens. The most famous stone circles on the planet are Stonehenge (England) and Carnac (France, not to be confused with Egyptian temple complex), but the construction of the ancient Maltese, in addition, they are distinguished “accuracy” – more than twenty temple complexes located on the territory, comparable to a small European city.
What they have in common? – the material, design features (e.g., login form), in many cases, and similar architectural form, resembling the petals of a flower. Some temples are rather primitive, probably not all the details survived, and others, however, are of special ornament and decorated with carvings, for example – has an outdoor pool. In principle, it is not established that they were built exactly to the practice of religion, but we need to know at least a little Maltese to understand – they all give for the construction of the temple, even if they themselves remain in poverty. Probably this tradition goes back to the times of the first settlers 😉
A separate item in the study of the megaliths is a method of construction of the temples. The fact that all the buildings vospalilis of boulders, the size of which is 8 meters long and weighs tens of tons. It remains a mystery to this day, how could the people of that era, which were known only primitive tools, to create such a large building material whole complexes of buildings. However, many are inclined to believe that a just a legend that the temples were built a different human race, people-giants. Well, sometimes, looking at great walls of the Maltese megaliths, and himself convinced of the grounds for this hypothesis.
However, there is a theory that the ancient builders developed a whole technology. First he dug a pit under the Foundation of the temple with one vertical side and another, opposite – sloping. The pit was reinforced with vertical sides with logs. Then back on the rollers, was rolled large stones, they would go on an inclined plane and then, using primitive levers and winches pulled off into the pit. Laying blocks in the proper position was slowly, inch by inch. But in the end, stone went as it should. After the Foundation of people started the construction of the underground part of the temple, too, with the help of winches and forests.
The age of all structures dated to the Neolithic and Chalcolithic (4000-2000 BC). The oldest of the surviving temples of Ggantija on the island of Gozo – was built approximately in 3600 BC that is about 1000 years before the Egyptian pyramids. Ggantija listed in the Guinness book of records as the oldest man-made structure on the planet. Other temples of Malta, though less ancient, also have lasting historical value. Many of them were found unique ancient monuments, sculptures, paintings, etc. Many of the findings complement the exhibition of the Malta Museum of archaeology.
Currently in Malta to visit there are many megaliths in almost all parts of the archipelago. Usually churches are United into complexes, that is, one is two or three buildings. Here are the most famous of them:
3600 BC 2 temple
The town of Xaghra, in the North-East Gozo
Discovered in 1826
Located on the island of Gozo near Xaghra village. They are over 5600 years old, this age is not “broke” by any other building in the world, even the famous Egyptian pyramids, it is no wonder Ggantija listed in the Guinness book of world records. So built of huge stone blocks, that is often the assumption that the builders were not men, but some giants (hence the similar name of the buildings), they (churches) form two courtyards, each of which has the shape of a Shamrock. Were used two types of stone – soft “tal-Franka” for creating interiors and solid “tal koiwi” for walls. No description, no photos graphy or video can not convey even a small fraction of the impressions that produce these structures.
Tal ADI (Tal-Qadi)
3000-3300 BC the remains of several temples