The Gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame in Lausanne
The old city of Lausanne holds the churches and cathedrals built in the middle ages, such as the famous Notre Dame Cathedral. The Cathedral is a gem a charming town on the shores of lake Geneva and considered the finest Gothic building in Switzerland, on the same level with the Gothic architecture of France.
Myths and facts
The construction of Notre Dame began in 1175 and in 1275 it was consecrated by Pope Gregory X, although the Cathedral was never completed. Throughout the middle ages, pilgrims flocked to the Cathedral to pray before the Golden virgin, a miraculous statue of the virgin Mary, to whom the Cathedral is dedicated.
Lausanne was one of many medieval towns, protected at night to prevent fires. Every night the Rangers on the high walls surrounding the city, kept no fires and not if the enemy is approaching. The Cathedral was the most important object. The watchman climbed the 153 steps to the top of the tower every hour and shouted at the four sides: “C’est le guet, il a sonné l’heure!” (“It’s a night caretaker, the hour has struck”). Lausanne is the only city in Europe where this tradition continues to this day.
In 1536 the combined forces of the reformation and Bernese army plundered the Cathedral of Notre-Dame, having been stripped of altars, statues, and paintings. The appearance of the virgin Gold melted down for coins. The Treasury of Cathedral, a unique collection of liturgical vestments and tapestries were removed to Bern, where Continue reading
Gothic mysteries of Koenigsberg
The accident caused the Kaliningrad archaeologists to sensation. During the exploration of the ruins of the Royal castle, they discovered an underground tunnel, built in the early XIV century. Such a large-scale medieval buildings on the territory of Russia to discover yet succeeded. Where does the secret tunnel? And many mysteries of its Gothic arches?
Gothic medieval underground passage discovered in the heart of Kaliningrad. It came across archaeologists who studied ruins of ancient Royal castle. Scientists call the find unique. Such medieval buildings previously never been found in Russia.
Medieval underground passage leading to the river was Amazing and, according to archaeologists, goes deep into the earth. The way out is most likely in one of the halls of the Cathedral on Kant island. A secret tunnel, according to experts, was built in the early XIV century by order of the Prussian king.
“This could be the move that led from the Royal castle towards the Cathedral. He could have arranged for safe messages to the main temple to the ruling dynasty could move out of the castle,” suggests archaeologist Anatoly Valuev.
It is noticeable that at a later time, the tunnel has been repeatedly restored. It was equipped with fasteners for electrical wires and water pipe for pumping water. Probably strengthened it for a reason.
During the war the castle was kept Continue reading
A trip to the Dolmens arranged on a special bus, which departs from the territory of the sanatorium “South”. In the program travel trance meditation with special tambourine and ritual “Execution of desires”.
The dolmens. Along with the idols of Easter island and the pyramids of Egypt, they remain the most enigmatic mysteries of mankind.
What made the inhabitants of the coastal countries: the British Isles, the Far East, Thrace, Iberian Peninsula, North Africa and Palestine five thousand years ago, at the time, not saying a word start to build mysterious constructions, resembling huge beehives?
The dolmen (from Breton — stone table) consists of multi-ton stone slabs, which are so neatly fitted to each other, which sometimes makes it feel like a single monolith. on the front wall is a small round hole, which was closed with a heavy stone stopper. on the plate — rows of notches, resembling runes.
Here nature lives its special life, and every tree, lake, every mountain rivers, which merge in noisy waterfalls, has its own spirit, its own life, its own mystery.
Who could lift and lay so exactly three-ton slab, correct geometry, for which the dolmens were created is unknown. All found near the dolmens items: weapons, ritual figures — belong to a later Continue reading
Latin Bible (1407, England)
Since the beginning of the printing appeared inlaid Gothic fonts — famous Gutenberg Bible was typed variant textures. In Italy, the first printed book with Gothic letters appeared in 1473. (these were the works of H. de Torquemada and R. Caraccioli ) .
The name (from the “barbarian” people ready. in fact had nothing to do with this font) was proposed in the XV century figures of the Italian Renaissance. these fonts are considered “barbaric” and their protivopostavlyalsya Roman literature that was the impetus for the development of new fonts, reminiscent of a Roman typeface. So a serif font. in the Western Christian Romanesque and Eastern European countries on the replacement of the Gothic letter was accepted immediately, however, the German peoples (and peoples under the cultural domination of the latter — the Finns. the Estonians. Latvians, etc.) for the same reason has been used fractures. representing a further development of Gothic letters, the Fraktur was clearly opposed to the serif font as a different system of writing and has never been used for writing in languages where the Gothic letter was not accepted (for example, German-Latin, German-French or German-Czech texts (dictionaries, bilingual or Glossa ) written in Fraktur for the German Continue reading
The Architecture Of Mexico
On the territory of the Mexican plateau (average altitude of 2300 m above sea level) on change each other come different cultures until it became the centre of the Aztec Kingdom . The ruins found in Mexico, represent for the most part remains or temples or fortifications. Their construction is massive, yet noble taste and bears the stamp of art that have already achieved well-known development.
The great temple of Mexico, stood in the middle of the city, was so great that, according to the testimony of Cortez, it was possible to put 500 horses. He represented the pyramid in five stories, 38 meters high, and had on the basis of 95 m and was decorated with two towers. Continue reading