The Gates Of The Sun
The Gates Of The Sun
The Mysterious Gate Of The Sun . along with other similar objects, are the Grand structure of the ancient city of Tiahuanaco. Today we can only guess, which meant a stone gate of solid rock.
When the Spaniards arrived in America, the Incas in response to their inquiries about the buildings of Tiahuanaco I told them about the long extinct tribe of giants. who erected this city. In addition, there is reason to believe that in this mysterious city are layered on each other a few civilizations that have lived of each other. The Spanish chronicler, Cieza de Leon testified that Indians told him about a bearded white people who were the founders of this city. I wonder what those statues really are found in this mysterious city. People with a beard is not a typical item for the local Indians.
What predstavlyali a built Tiahuanaco, so awesome seeing them? Here’s what he wrote about him, the Spanish historian, Garcilaso de La VEGA: “now Tell about the colossal structures of Tiahuanaco. … There are giant figures carved out of stone… they have suffered from the wind that speaks to their advanced age. There are walls made of stones so huge that it is difficult even to imagine how human force could have put them in their place. There are the remains of strange buildings, the most notable of which are the stone portals, carved from a single piece of rock. It is impossible to imagine how these stones could be brought here. “Archaeologists believe that the city of Tiahuanaco were three monumental buildings: Akapana, Kalasasaya and the Puma Punku. On a modern ruins, it is very difficult to talk about the initial appearance of these Grand buildings. To the present day remained one of the largest constructions of Tiahuanaco – fifteen-mound with sides of 210 meters (Akapana Pyramid), which, like the Egyptian pyramids of Giza. with amazing accuracy focuses on parts of the world. Akapana pyramid is the step pyramid of earth, the faces of which in ancient times were lined with large smooth slabs of andesite. Assume that in ancient times on its top was a temple in which human sacrifices were offered. However, traces of this temple have not survived. Certain evidence suggests that in Tiahuanaco regularly carried out observations of the Sun and went rites of solar worship. In particular, near Akapnou is an architectural complex of Kalasasaya, which is often called “the place of the upright standing stones”. It is located on a huge elevated platform, in front of which there is a square. Here once was located the “Main temple of the Sun”. On its walls was fastened with Golden nails of copper and bronze plates that covered the stone frame of the building. Before our time preserved only the wall of the “Palace” that houses a number of unevenly spaced monolithic columns, resembling dug down arm daggers. They are so heavy that they could not take from Tiahuanaco even the plunderers of stone. Puma Punku (Gate of the Puma) are within one kilometer of these structures. Ancient builders created the Puma Punku blocks, with the weight over 100 tons. In the most critical places, the blocks were connected by copper pins, which in these units was done deepening the special configuration and filled with molten copper. On top of Puma Punku builders placed the ancient sanctuary, and then the whole building was enclosed by a double wall with ten gates.
In the North-West corner of the Kalasasaya are the famous Sun Gate (Inti Punku), carved from a giant rock monolith. A well-known researcher Vaclav Scholz says about them: “Their height – 3 meters width – 3.75 meters. This gate in the past, apparently, have been broken, later restored and again set vertically, but where they were originally is unknown. Above the entrance doorway is carved a relief in the center of which a large human figure, clutching the wands. Hair pieces and rods adorned with heads of Condor and Puma. The belt is suspended from a human head, and it seems that this creature was crying. Sometimes it seems as if his face the tears flow… the Gate of the Sun called this monument the Amateur archaeologist Arthur Poznansky, osmatrivali in the relief image, the evidence of the cult of the Sun and a calendar. This name caught on, although in the figures of the relief and not traced any connection with the Sun.”
Note that, in the opinion of Poznań, on the Gate of the Sun shows a calendar cycle which was equal to 290 days corresponding to the calendar of the planet Venus! Hypothesis A. Poznansky (associated with a change in inclination of the Ecliptic) allows to relate the construction of the gate under consideration to the 12 century BC and suggests that the length of the year, and probably of the day was different. Deserves special attention another fact. Among the various animal figures carved on the Gates of the Sun, the researchers discovered several dozen images of toxodon, three-legged mammal that lived in South America both water and on land. Well, it turned out that toxodon extinct it is more than 12 thousand years ago. This fact is one of the compelling arguments in favor of the hypothesis of Arthur Poznansky. The city of Tiahuanaco has raised for us many questions that until today is a deep mystery. Who built this mysterious city, we can only guess. However, the commonality of traditions of different peoples in different parts of the world speaks in favor of the truth of the story of the Incas – Tiahuanaco built mighty giants, for whom all these rocks did not seem so gigantic. However, the deluge put an end to the history of ancient civilizations, forever hiding their secrets.