The Gothic structure
The proverb “a chicken is not a bird, Poland is not abroad” in no way refers to Krakow. It is a beautiful city on the Vistula river. Just think, in Cracow is around five thousand buildings of the middle ages, and several hundred thousand works of art. Incredible magical power of the city attracts tourists from all corners of the earth. From the 14th to the 17th century Krakow was the capital of Poland. Of particular interest is the Old town. It is located in the parks ring (Planty). in 1978 Krakow included in the list of the cities protected by UNESCO.
It is in the Old town Wawel Royal castle. Hence the name “Wawel castle”. Between 10th and 16th century was the residence of Polish kings. Initially, the Wawel was built in the Gothic style, but after a fire in 1499 it was rebuilt in the style of the Italian Renaissance. This place keeps a lot of secrets and mysteries. For example, near the entrance to the Cathedral Stanislaus and Wenceslaus hang the bones of a mammoth. Nobody knows where and why they are here. According to legend, they bring peace and prosperity to Poland. It is also interesting and the courtyard of the castle is a bright example of the style of the Italian Renaissance. In the castle is a Museum of the “Lost Wawel” Royal apartments, the Cave of the spirit, the Armoury chamber the Treasury of the crown.
Another interesting place is the Wawel castle, is the “Dragon’s Cave”. According to the legend, there lived a dragon who demanded the sacrifice the most beautiful girls. Long travel tracks in the cave of 81 meters. Bright light makes the cave very beautiful. On the exit of the castle walls stands a statue of the Wawel Dragon. Every minute from the jaws of burst fire, making them a delight for children and very sensitive adults. Here, as before Peeing boy in Brussels or a Mermaid from Copenhagen, the tourists love photos to graphisofts.
The road that leads to the Royal castle, called “the Royal route”. Once kings rode it across town to the Wawel castle. And we try to walk on this path.
From the time of king Henry Valois first place it stops before the solemn entrance to the city became St. Florian’s Church ( now the street of Warsaw 1-a ). Legend has it that the oxen, which carried the relics of the Holy Martyr Florian, stopped at this place and not moved until it was decided to build a temple here. The Church was established in the Baroque style.
In front of the ramparts of the watchtower is Barbican. Was built in the late FIFTEENTH century and served to defend the approaches to St. Florian’s gate. Similar buildings in Europe to date, survived only three. Tower walls are 3 meters thick, from the top 130 of loopholes and 7 watchtowers. This is one of the most popular places in Krakow for tourists. Often here you can meet the artists who create on canvas their vision of the Barbican.
Behind the Watchtower are Florian’s gate , which were built in the early fourteenth century stone. Their height is 34.5 meters. Initially, together with a watch tower protected the city in case of siege, and later played the role of the triumphal gate of Krakow. Through them came the processions of kings and ambassadors. Inside the gate is an altar with the image of our lady of Passovoy. On the left side of the towers are defensive fortifications, along which artists exhibit their pictures, creating an art gallery under the open sky.
Next, follow Florianska street and get on the market square, which features several attractions. Chief among them is St. Mary’s Church. It is a Gothic structure with two towers and six open inside the chapels. Inside the temple is a very beautiful wooden altar. Rich gilded carving of the altar depicts scenes from the Holy Scriptures. The entrance to the Church is free. Every hour from one of the towers carried the melody of the trumpeter(heynal).
Opposite the Church, right in the center of the square, is a medieval trading house — the cloth hall . In a lot of shops that sell all sorts of Souvenirs. The prices are very reasonable, so you can buy something for memory of Krakow. To the right of the cloth hall is the surviving Gothic town hall Tower. In the cellars of the towers were dungeons, and in our time there is the satirical theatre “Mascaron” and cafes.
From the market square to go along the street, Town ( city). By the way, on the left side, you will see the amazing Church of saints Peter and Paul. This is the first Polish Church in the Baroque style. The history of this temple is associated with the Jesuit order. Residents of Krakow kidding, they say, the Church is so small, that sculpture put on the street:). It is especially beautiful in the evening when the backlight is on.